Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum): Bundle of 10

$18.00

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Description

Sold in bundles of 10.

At a Glance: A tree with a large, often multi-stemmed trunk and a loose, broad crown of large leaves.

Height: 65-100 feet (20-30 meters) tall with trunk 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters)diameter.
Stems: Bark is initially green, later becoming grey-brown and narrowly furrowed with age. Old bark is often covered with thick mats of mosses, lichens and ferns.
Leaves: Leaves are palmate shaped with five lobes, 10-30 cm (4-12 in) across, oppositely arranged on the branch. In the spring and summer leaves are dark green above and pale green below, then turning dull yellow in autumn.
Flowers: Ten to fifty flowers hang in loose clusters 5 cm (2 in) long that either appear with leaves or right before the emergence of leaves. Each flower is pale yellow, about 3 mm across.
Flowering Period: April.
Fruits: Typical maple-keys with two wings that spread out in a V- shape, called a samara. Size: 3-6 cm (1-2 in) long, 1-2 cm (.4-.8 in) across. Color: brown.

Appeal: Distinguished by its beautiful autumn colors of yellow, gold, and copper, this deciduous tree is fast growing, reaching 50-100 feet in height with a crown of over 60 feet in width, making it a terrific shade tree. It often develops several trunks, particularly when pruned. Leaves are palmate and reach up to 15 inches across. When young, the bark is smooth and grayish brown, later becoming darker brown with interlacing ridges and furrows.

Conservation Uses: Big Leaf Maple has many uses as a conservation species.  It is favored as a riparian restoration tree due to its adaptability, vigor and growth rate, and size and stature.  It quickly grows above weed competition and provides shade for streams.  Once established on a site, it provides diverse wildlife habitat, including forage for deer and elk, nesting for birds, and its seeds are used as food by many species of birds and animals.  A mature specimen provides considerable leaf litter for the soil, and is therefore considered a ‘soil-building’ species.

Commercial Value: Its wood is used in furniture and cabinet building, veneer, musical instruments and as fuel.

Helpful Tips: Grows in a wide range of sites that range from wet to dry soils and sunny to shady conditions but does best in full sun. As with any newly planted tree, it should be watered during the dry season for the first 2-3 years until it becomes established. They should be planted 5-8 feet apart for best success, but expect some mortality.

Sun/Shade Tolerance Hydrology Elevation Range
(data not available)
 wet
 moist
 dry

Wetland Indicator Status:
FACU (facultative upland)

Found mostly west of the Cascades below 300 meters (Kruckeberg).

 low elevation
 mid elevation
 sub-alpine
 high elevation
Soil Preferences
 sandy soils
 gravelly soils
 clay soils
 muddy soils
 peaty soils
 well drained soils
 shallow soils
 deep soils
 acidic soils
 basic soils
 humic soils
 nutrient rich soils
 nutrient poor soils
 mineral soils
 organic soils
Wildlife Value
 Berries
 Seeds
 Nectar for hummingbirds
 Nectar for butterflies
 Host for insect larvae
 Thickets and shelter
 Thorny or protective cover
Birds: The rotting limbs provide a food source for insect-eating birds such as grouse, grosbeaks, kinglets, siskins, vireos, warblers, sapsuckers, woodpeckers, nuthatches, song sparrows, finches, and quail. Fallen limbs of Acer macrophyllum provide habitat for cavity-nesting birds.
Insects: Acer macrophyllum is a good nectar source for swallowtail butterfly larvae and bees. Fallen limbs of Acer Macrophyllum are quick to rot thereby attracting numerous insects.
Mammals: Deer, muskrats, and beaver eat the wood and twigs.

References:

Pojar, Jim, and Andy MacKinnon. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia & Alaska. Revised ed. Redmond, Wash.: B.C. Ministry of Forests and Lone Pine Pub., 2004. Print.

“Sound Native Plants.” Sound Native Plants. Web. 31 Oct. 2014. <www.soundnativeplants.com>.